OER17 Presentations

On 5-6 May I attended the annual Open Educational Resources (OER) conference in the UK OER17 in London. It was a great chance to catch up with that part of the vibrant open education community. It was also a good chance to walk around the Bloomsbury area of London where I used to work a few years ago on open education projects with the UAL. On the first day I presented on the general applications of web annotation technology to support open education – which are considerable in my opinion, ending the presentation with a description of how Clipper could support open education. The talk was entitled ‘You Me Them and Everybody’ a famous line from a 1960’s song that featured in the The Blues Brothers Film. There seemed to be a lot of interest – which was very encouraging.

Presentation

You Me Them Everybody PowerPoint

You Me Them Everybody PDF

 

Clipper Workshop: College Development Network – Scotland 10th March 2017

Presenting a session today on Clipper to an audience of FE learn techs and lecturers. Here are some some links.

Presentation:

PDF

PowerPoint Slides

Hands On: Source MP3 / MP4 URLs

BBC Radio 4 – Audio

In Our Time Philosophy – Daoism – audio

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/radio4/iot/iot_20101215-1557a.mp3

Welcome Trust Library – Video

Anti-Smoking Video

https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wdl-video-open/mp4/3d380cc7-9bd6-4883-bb8b-895e5b95c195.mp4

Animation – video

Big Buck Bunny -video

http://clips.vorwaerts-gmbh.de/big_buck_bunny.mp4

The Royal Conservatoire of Scotland – Audio

Yorkshire Accent

http://medea.rcs.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/England-Yorkshire-Scarborough.mp3 

Guardian Video:

Donald Trump Election Report

https://cdn.theguardian.tv/mainwebsite/2016/11/11/111016aw_desk.mp4

BBC Radio 4 Brexit: A Guide for the Perplexed
Donald Trump and Brexit
http://open.live.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/5/redir/version/2.0/mediaset/audio-nondrm-download/proto/http/vpid/p04t3x0j.mp3

Some Text from http://www.lipsum.com/

“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.”

Clipper at OER17: You, Me, Them, Everybody

We are giving a presentation at the OER17  open education conference which is running on the 5&6 April this year. The presentation is about web annotation in general, using Clipper as an example. We shall be examining the potential of web annotation technology to support open education activities and some of the implications of this technology for ‘traditional’ notions of education and academic authorship. The conference theme is ‘Politics’ in relation to open education, so its timely in this supposedly ‘post truth’ age that we shall be covering the potential for using these tools for fact checking. You can see the abstract below for more information about our presentation – it draws on our own experiences at the I-Annotate conference last year where we encountered investigative journalists using these tools:

OER17 Web Site

OER17 Clipper Presentation Abstract

You, Me, Them, Everybody: OERs and the politics of web annotation

An update from the Clipper web annotation project that has been producing a toolkit for research data management of time-based media. This session describes the rapidly developing field of web annotation tools and standards, which is moving rapidly moving beyond the current feature set of social media. What is developing are more powerful ways of interacting with web content and other web users. These tools bring some great opportunities for open education and research. In education the use case is especially compelling: students have been writing in their books since the book was invented; and as books and other texts studied in schools and college migrate online, these marginal notes can become media-rich and shared with others. In face-to-face, online, and blended classrooms, collaborative annotation combines traditional literacy with more emergent understandings of the types of skills students need to develop to be successful in learning and life*.

But this also raise some questions about how these tools will affect individuals and institutions. This session will discuss the potential impact on our existing practice with OERs, as well as some of the wider socio-economic implications for the traditional role of the academic author, copyright, reputation and ownership. Web annotation (by design) can circumvent decisions that content owners have made about whether they want commenting in the first place. Given that web annotation has the potential to reach a large portion of the content on the web and its users, it’s important to consider these things now. Important in this context, is to consider how to prevent such tools being misused and how to design tools, systems and policies that can encourage openness and transparency and help reduce misuse.

The presentation will offer an overview of how web annotation tools are already being used in research, education, investigative journalism and the social web. We will illustrate this with use cases from our own project experience of working with researchers and their data in bio science at the University of Edinburgh. We compare this to our encounter with investigative journalists at the I Annotate 16 conference in Berlin in May 2016. Both groups have surprisingly similar requirements, operate in highly competitive environments and can see similar opportunities and risks that are nicely summarised in this summary:

 

“This is where annotations can become the message stream environment around source documents and data. There are other tech challenges such as data security during the research process and after publication, especially when involving larger groups of users with different tech capabilities. Both source documents and annotations need a secure infrastructure, given the sensitive aspect of the investigative process (sources and story need to be protected).“

Annotating Investigative Journalism – I Annotate 2016* http://bit.ly/2fwewfX

* I Annotate 2016

The title of this presentation is taken from the film ‘The Blues Brothers’ in the introduction to the song ‘Everybody Needs Somebody to Love’ (Burke, Berns & Wrexler).

 

Presentation

 

Adding new online collections to Clipper: Vimeo & SoundCloud in progress

We have been really fortunate to have gained a new team member. David Roldan Alvarez from University of Rey Juan Carlos (Madrid) is working on the Clipper code and project for 3 months as a Phd. research student visiting The Open University.

David has picked up the code and ideas really quickly and is working on adding new services to Clipper such as Vimeo and SoundCloud. This is really important for us and future developments. At the moment Clipper works well with YouTube and any online MP4 / MP3 file that a user can find the URL of (so this includes Podbean and  many BBC audio services with a ‘download‘ option that links to an mp3 file. This is already a big step but having several other online services available makes Clipper look less like a ‘one trick pony’ and more like a general purpose web based audio-visual annotation tool.

Paradoxically it also helps us argue to persuade people to adopt Clipper as an add on for an existing service such as a digital archive or online museum or library collection. From previous workshops we know that there was a great interest in adding in Vimeo (e.g. The North West Film Archive and the National Library of Scotland and of the possibility of ‘in-house’ adoption of the code. Having a spread of online services like this helps to persuade people that Clipper can be adopted in a wide range of ways and contexts.

Our recent workshop at the OU - David right get introduced to Clipper humour!
Our recent workshop at the OU – David right get introduced to Clipper humour!

Clipper Jisc RDN workshop, Cambridge 6th September 2016 – sparking ideas

I attended a very busy and interesting meeting of the Jisc RDN (Research Data Network) and gave a presentation about our work in the Clipper project. Much of the attendees were involved with the Jisc shared service pilots in this area. The event was held in the historic Corpus Christi college and the main plenaries were held in the Mcrum Lecture Theatre – up a side alley from the famous Eagle pub (where I had a very fine pint of Greene King IPA – after work). You never know what may turn up at these events and it pays to keep an open mind about possible connections, this was one of those days when sparks seemed to fly from different ideas.

showing the overall between web annotation and data citation
Schematic showing the overlaps between web annotation and data citation

The day began with a really interesting and though provoking keynote from Danny Kingsley – the Head of Scholarly Communications at Cambridge. During this she mentioned the challenges presented by time based data such as audio and video (Clipper I thought!). But Danny also mentioned the growing field of data citation and the challenges this presented. This created Spark No.1 – I though to myself – well Clipper is actually a form of data citation – specialising in time based data (citing parts of a web data resource via a URI and making some comments about it in context).

But the more I thought about this as I sat in the lecture theatre I started to scribble some notes. Clipper is also a web annotation tool that is using emerging W3C standards in this area so that standard provides a nice potential for a vehicle to create and transport data citations more generally. This then got me thinking about the work we have been doing with the Roslin Institute at Edinburgh University in the project (see the draft ‘Clipper Snapshot Case Studies‘ document) where we discussed linking Clipper annotations to the DataCite DOIs ‘minted’ by Roslin for their data that linked to the time based media files we were annotating. The DOIs provide the provenance of the data we are ‘clipping’ and annotating, it seemed to make a lot of sense then in the Clipper project and perhaps now in the wider field of general data citation. After all, the content of a W3C web annotation can carry any information we like so it should be able to accommodate all disciplines and emerging data citation formats?

I was musing about this at the lunch break when I briefly bumped into Neil Jefferies (Head of Innovation at the Bodleian Library Oxford) who I knew from the Jisc Data Spring Programme. I was explaining these ideas to him when he added the idea of using the ORCID standard into the  mix to identify researchers and link them to their data – so that was Spark No.2. It’s an attractive idea – use existing standards (DOI, ORCID) with the soon to be standard W3C Web Annotation data model as a means of creation and transport for data citation. One of the advantages of this is that the citations themselves would be easily shared on the web and so accessible by search engines and analytics services.

Perhaps at some point it would be useful to do some pilot work in this area…

Some images from the Cambridge event  are below and here is the slidshare version of our workshop

Addendum: Neil got back in touch and suggested I look at the subject of ‘nano pubs’ – at first , I have to confess I thought of micro breweries! But a search showed up this link

http://nanopub.org/wordpress/?page_id=65

It seems to map nicely onto what we have been discussing…hopefully to be continued.

Images from the RDN event are below

 

Where the Clipper project workshop was held
Where the Clipper project workshop was held – the ‘new’ part of Corpus Christi College
rdn1
The old part of the Corpus Christi College where the other workshops were held

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Corpus Christi Dining Hall at lunchtime.
The Corpus Christi Dining Hall at lunchtime.

Clipper DRHA Workshop

On Monday the 5th September at the Brighton DRHA conference we are going to be presenting a workshop and forum about our new working prototype of the Clipper toolkit. Technical information about participating in the workshop appears below. This our first outing of the new system, which has been completely reworked from the ground up in Angular2, MongoDB (using JSON LD), using a NodeJS server. This has been a big undertaking for us, but is now beginning to bring big benefits and opportunities.

Here is the slideshare version

DRHA Workshop Tech Info:

Launch Clipper (NB use Chrome or Firefox for this test version)

To launch the toolkit click on this link – http://139.59.175.28:8080 –  into your web browser address bar and hit return to load the site.

We have created a series of test accounts that you can use with user names ranging from clipper1@clippertube to clipper30@clippertube each with a password of the same name – e.g. clipper1@clippertube has the password of clipper1.You can also register to create an account of your own. Please note that as this is a test system any data you create will not persist in the long term. In the final production version of the system your data will persist and you will be able to download a copy to keep (in different formats).

Clipper Workshop: Bring Your Own URLs

URL – Page (MP4 / MP3) – Online Test Resources – with their URls

  • This page contains some online audio and video resources for you to use to as source URLs to create clips in Clipper
  • This demonstrates the Clipper editor working directly with online audio and video files
  • Copy a URL of your choice (just clicking on it will open it in your browser player if you want to preview it)
  • Return to the clipper editor and paste the copied URL into the field at the top of the editor window.
  • You can now play the resource and create and save clips using your chosen resource
  • If you have the URL for your own resources, you can try using them with the same method (MP4 / MP3 only)

BBC Video

Finding news masterclass video

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/school-report/findingnewsmasterclassfinal_fido.mp4

Interviewing masterclass video

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/school-report/interview_mclass.mp4

Scriptwriting masterclass video

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/schools/school-report/scriptwritingmasterclassfinal_fido.mp4

BBC Radio 4 – Audio

In Our Time Philosophy – Daoism – audio

http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/radio4/iot/iot_20101215-1557a.mp3

A history of the world in a thousand objects – audio

http://open.live.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/5/redir/version/2.0/mediaset/audio-nondrm-download/proto/http/vpid/p02n3p9v.mp3

Welcome Trust Library – Video

Anti-Smoking Video

https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wdl-video-open/mp4/3d380cc7-9bd6-4883-bb8b-895e5b95c195.mp4

Roslin Institute – Scientific Microscope Videos

Clip 1 – video

http://reachwill.co.uk/elife04000v003.mp4

Clip 2 – video

http://reachwill.co.uk/mmc2.mp4

Animation – video

Big Buck Bunny -video

http://clips.vorwaerts-gmbh.de/big_buck_bunny.mp4

The Royal Conservatoire of Scotland – Audio

Yorkshire Accent

http://medea.rcs.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/England-Yorkshire-Scarborough.mp3 

Update: we had some very positive feedback and the interesting suggestion of working on a rich media portfolio system – which we are following up.

Royal Conservatoire of Scotland and Roslin Institute Feedback Online

We have been very fortunate in visiting these two institution to demonstrate the toolkit and get feedback and both have agreed to participate in pilot projects on phase 3, which is great. What is striking is the similarity in research data management needs despite being in very different research environments.

Royal Conservatoire of Scotland Feedback http://blog.clippertube.com/index.php/the-royal-conservatoire-of-scotland-51115/

Roslin Institute Feedback – http://blog.clippertube.com/index.php/the-roslin-institute-university-of-edinburgh-131115/

Edinburgh Workshop Feedback Notes

On the 26th of September 2015 we held our first community consultation and co-design workshop. Here are the feedback and notes from the event – we shall be using this going forwards.

Contents

  • Some Initial Reflections
  • Table Feedback and Facilitator notes
    • Policy Implications for service development
    • Technical Suggestions
    • Service Development Implications
    • Data Management Issues (RDM)
  • Post-It points
    • Annotations
    • Interface issues
    • Access Control and Security and Rights
    • Data management
    • Policy
    • Service Development Implications
    • Search
    • Sustainability / Support
    • Technical

Some Initial Reflections

  • After the data management feedback definitely got to check out the older clipper project docs for standards metadata and data flow etc.
  • Need an idea of the Clipper document structure (graphics)
  • Need a graphic of the workflow
  • Differentiation of Clipper from other tools is needed
  • Data management of big interest to some. Search function will need to reflect this. Suggest we have a simple search option then an advanced search option?
  • Suggestion for contextual search – OK but setting would need to be clear to the user – i.e. you need to know where you are searching
  • Interface issues –go for the biggest stumbling blocks first
  • We need to be able to accommodate more detailed data management model(s) in the future phase
  • Annotations are of big interest:
    • Tags and search tools for annotations, common some used, search by tag, title, description full text, rights, (categories?) relation of annotations to parent clips and cliplists for searching. Granular search options.
    • Option to name Annotation and Describe its contents and more:
    • Title /Author(s) / Description /Tags
    • URI for sharing an annotation
    • Rights for annotations (use URI refs for the rights licences and terms)
    • Access permissions for annotations
    • Embargo on annotations
    • Rights / Licence statement on Annotations
    • Ability to have rich formatting in annotation
    • Annotation version control and track changes?
    • Annotate specific points in the frame and
    • Links between the annotations i.e. jumping from one annotation to another (in the same clip / different clips in a cliplist / between different clips in different cliplists
    • Delete annotations?
    • Import slides from powerpoint/
    • Can we reference the annotations as URIs?
    • Feedback on annotations (and clips and cliplists?) Have comment on the feedback and stop it becoming a forum! Like Derek at Stirling – limit conversation to an initial annotation by the ‘author’ (nb there could be more than one author) and then one level of comments by other users of the system. In the comments section people could have a ‘conversation’ using the twitter style protocols of @ and perhaps # – like in the BBC blogs etc.
    • Annotations for screen readers – needs to be accessible
    • Audio annotations?
    • Also suggestion to be able to annotate parts of the screen – either by textual reference (top right) or graphically by use of the Canvas property
    • Have a pencil icon in an Annotation list view open editing functions (simple) have a WordPress style kitchen sink icon to open the rich text editing functions. Perhaps have the option to have the editing window expand to fill the available space for text intensive work and then toggle back to the smaller default display?
  • User customisation options for both authors and consumers – to choose the interface style they want to work with and functions
  • Access Control and Sharing
    • SSO for security and access levels of permissions
    • Permissions (General) Ability for admin to act as superusers
    • To determine the access privileges of users and to determine the parts of the toolkit they have access to (e.g. simple text or full formatting tools etc.)
    • Restrict the collections they have access to
    • Restrict how widely they can share (/)
    • Sharing levels of permissions? To share things – default is project defined and levels start with the owner then named people, then organisational units then whole organisation.
    • Onion ring metaphor for sharing in the system is useful
  • Make clipper standout from competitors
  • Clipper on the local network – simple but effective?
  • Upload slides to display in synch with a video
  • Bookmarklet in browsers for adding video to their existing user clipper collections?
  • Integration with Kaltura? And similar systems – be good to try with Phase 3 scenario have had an enquiry from a University
  • Legal Issues
    • Need an option to have attribution credits and legal statement at start of each clip
    • Annotations attribution credits and legal statement
    • Project attribution credits and legal statement
    • Option for project / Clip IPR audit statement (could be made mandatory?) where the users authors enters the ownership and rights status of the project / clip (NB this would be good to have as much automatic entry as possible from settings pre-entered by the system, the author and the admin)
    • Embargo options on revealing projects / clips / annotations (timed settings) to their pre-determined level of sharing in the system.
    • There are a range of other legal issues to consider beyond copyright (as in any digital media) such as privacy / data protection / confidentiality clauses / know how / patents / etc. would be good to be able to record them somehow
  • Editing the Project name and description needs to be more intuitive
  • The active resource / clip needs to be highlighted in the list to the left
  • Will annotations pop up when you reach them?
  • If you wanted to annotate a whole video would you have the option to do that as one clip

Table Feedback and Facilitator notes

Policy Implications for service development

  • Not just platform related issues – we need to fit into Institutional Policy and Practice
  • A range of access management needs from just me to the whole world and points in between (onion skin metaphor)
  • Capture and represent the intentions of the authors in respect to copyright, sharing and access and provide means for users to communicate and follow up with authors / creators.
  • Usage should be / is covered by existing institutional policy – really? How would we know? It’s not my job!…implications?
  • Should highlight copyright statements from sources included in a very clear way

Technical Suggestions

  • It is important that there exists a clear and detailed document / metadata/ data model structure (that acts as a foundation for future extensions etc.)
  • Search options should be deep and full text with filters
  • Access privileges should be controllable to fine levels of clip and annotation

Service Development Implications

  • Set embargoes on:
    • Metadata
    • Annotations
  • Need access controls and privacy levels down to annotations not just to clips
  • Need to highlight (to service providers) the importance of permanence in relation to URIs and URLs and permalinks and persistence generally
  • Could clipper be integrated with Office 365 for deployment in the cloud for institutions and with individual usage with access to CDN style facilities for upload and transcoding and sharing etc.? This might satisfy the needs of many individual researchers?
  • Using annotations as surrogate access to inaccessible archive resources

Data Management Issues (RDM)

  • Sensitive   Privacy issues affecting storage and access
  • Retention policy also needs to reflect funding agreements and content
  • Permissions and access control:
    • Single sign on can help by enabling levels of access / control
    • Need access to videos / audio to be set by these controls
    • Password protections (?)
    • Encryption of data as an option (?)
  • Creative Commons – no modifications – would Clipper infringe this?
  • Ownership & Rights etc.: / Original researchers / Producers / Contractors / Contributors / Subjects etc. / Institutional / Funding Body
  • Usage of Data controlled by requirements of funders and institutional policy
  • The different ways the researcher wants to categorise things

Post-It points

Annotations

  • Annotation start and end timestamps
  • Annotation version control
  • Links between annotations (and other clipper items?)
  • Annotate specific points in a frame
  • Pop up and or info symbol to remind you to set the time of the annotation then save
  • Click into toggled annotation (straight to clip section)
  • HTML / rich text editor for annotations (and descriptions? Of clips / cliplists / projects)
  • Annotations should be readable by screen readers

Interface issues

  • Stages need to be more intuitive – need detail / prompt of where to go next
  • User needs to get feedback when they have made a change completed an action
  • Add drag / nudge / slider controls for in and out points
  • Be able to include transitions
  • Be able to include slides for titles and rights etc.
  • Be able to cite clips
  • Have title screen options for clips and Cliplists have slides for citations?
  • Feedback? – See the comments discussions above
  • User feedback – e.g. the video had been added to project resources
  • User feedback – save clip – confirmations
  • If one of the clips in the cliplist needs a login the user / consumer should be alerted to this at the start or before (padlock symbol? – with number to represent the number of locked clips)
  • Transitions between clips – authors should have a choice of options
  • Simplicity is key
  • Ability to drag and drop annotations would be great
  • Have a bookmark / Clipper / button plugin in the browser
  • Jquery – adding media on a bookmaked page to the Clipper resources / project
  • Allow user to upload slides and display them next to the video – possible integration with slideshare? Etc.
  • Should leave transition choices to end-user?
    • Is this something Final Cut Pro could help, in terms of approach?
  • Can you reorder the clips?
  • You might also want to include icons for locally hosted items – so that the playlist creator knows what can or cannot be seen by others (who likely won’t be able to access a file on a local machine or local network).
  • General comment –Web based service is a real advantage. Not many options, nothing to download, that is important. Capitalise on that… At the moment it looks more complex than it is. Has to not just be simple, but also look simple and user friendly.
  • I was wondering about nudging start and stop points…with ability to set time manually by typing
  • I think you will need real usability testing to watch people using the tool, rather than asking them… And that will highlight where there is any misunderstanding. When I chose a video for a collection. How do I do anything creative with those clips… To merge or play all etc…
  • Maybe you’d edit down elsewhere… Something to do with the content I have.
  • From a users point of view you need confirmations on screen to highlight things have been created, saved, etc. For creating a clip, start and end, I didn’t get any visual confirmation. Need that to make it clear.
  • It would be helpful to have maybe a pop up, or information symbol to remind you to cut off the clip. Thinking about the likely users here. Would be useful to have reminders.
  • That issue of annotations also raises the issue of what the playback experience is. And how annotations etc. are part of that…

Access Control and Security and Rights

  • Non public videos and clips etc. need to be protected – use Single Sign On (SSO) to set and determine access control / permissions / tracking
  • Multiple copyrights compliant requirements / options
  • On adding content:
    • Form for who owns copyrights
    • Form for permissions / licence
    • Editable field for disclaimers
  • Coping with / representing different rights holders (sometimes in the same institution)
  • What happens if you have a clip on a password protected Vimeo, etc.
    • But you would want students to be able to login, perhaps
  • All the moving image content on our site is only licensed for one site… Would this sit on the organisations site? Where is it going?
  • What if you have a video that specifies only the servers/IPs that can be used – which you can do on Vimeo – how would that work with Vimeo?
  • Can you display rights information here – they should be available in metadata with video and/or APIs and are really important to indicate that.
  • US vs. UK copyright, particularly thinking about Fair Use content which might be legally acceptable in the US, but not in the UK.
    • Related to usage in a way that level of usage, and so that issue would be a great problem to have though!
  • A slide for the beginning or the end with credits etc. generated in the system would be useful. Would help with rights information.

Data management

  • Delete annotations / clips / cliplists
  • Show store input URIs
  • Create Tags / Categories
  • Searchable annotations would be really useful. And find all the relevant annotations and tags. Things like NVivo do that.
  • Clipper is potentially useful for annotating v large files –so should work on a local high speed network
  • Is there a way to separate out audio and video to save to different channels… So that you can strip down to just the audio… Maybe you just want to capture that.
    • Could be done server side but easiest is to just use the player to hide the video
  • What about a web resource becomes available… And disappears… Hyperlinks can disappear and that would be a concern when I come to share it… And when I invest that time. And it’s quite likely… If a web link is dead, it’s a problem.
    • Not about trust, but fragility of web links…
    • I think that notifications (of broken links – by Clipper) would be useful here. But maybe also something that can be cached or kept so there is a capture of that.
    • Check out the work of Herbert von Sompel in relation to overcoming broken links in academic communications – the Hiberlink project
    • Notifications would be really important (to let authors know of a link going down).
  • You are pulling things through from websites elsewhere. If you make your own interview, can you upload it here? Or do you upload elsewhere and pull in URL?
  • My question is a bit different… Maybe how the clip is created… There are so many people who share clips and compilations of video items…
  • The ability to compile / print a cliplist with video stored in the list is a requirement for some people
  • How do you publish this content? Do you share the playlist? Do you need a Clipper account to view it?
  • If it’s research data a lot of this will be sensitive, and have to be within your control and your own students…
  • We do use some cloud-based services for student data though, so there must be some possibility there.
  • Duration of storage – Some for long-term, some quite short.
  • Some funders will have requirements too. But we were also talking about non-public video content… Maybe need two systems with permissions lined up… Asking students to sign in twice can be confusing. Institutional single sign on might be useful – map permissions across. But can the system recognise right to access data.
  • My students have access to very private recordings that have to be secure and have to be retained in that way, and keep it secure.
  • A question really: if it is someone else’s data and shared under CC licence (ND) – do clipper clips count as modifications or not?
    • About how that is presented?
  • Although not the totality of data, it’s usually what supports publications. But open access aspect is certainly important. Clipper could find its way into that kind of environment and could be a good tool to show off some of your research data.

Policy

  • How much do you need to worry about, how much is for institutions to worry about? Like data ownership etc. But you may need to worry about as a platform.
  • And for access you’d want a lot of granularity of who might access these things, might be a large group or public, or might just be you, or just be a small group.
  • Having users fill in a field where they can state what they think the copyright is.
    • A statement of intent / knowledge?
    • Yes, something that allows you to have a comeback if a collections owner comes back…
  • Policy implications wise, there aren’t really any cases that shouldn’t already be covered by institutional policies (?). Licenses, derivative works, etc. should already by covered by institutional policies. Maybe some special cases…
  • Are policies fit for purpose?
    • It is usually awareness not existence of policies (?)
  • Possibly a pop up indicating license and appropriate usage, so you know what you can do. Second aspect, if you can legally modify videos – why not do that on desktop system offline, if not then how can this comply. Only the making of copies that this removes the issue for. Sorry for a super defeatist comment but how does this differ from what else is there?
  • I come at this from two places… Both the way into the lumpy a/v content, interrogate, search it, etc.… And then also this more creative tool where you make something else available on the internet – alarm bells start ringing. For the creative side, why not use iMovie etc.
    • This is a frequent comment – we want to stay away from ‘printing’ video but a Clipper cliplist could be used to create a an EDL (Edit Decision List) that could be imported into an editing tool and used to ‘print’ a Cliplist?
  • It’s not a video editing tool, it’s annotation. So clearly not that…
  • For digital preservation… preserving video is relatively difficult and is an ongoing process. Clips are basically JSON descriptions – easy to preserve.
  • Check out the Dedoose academic tagging tool
  • A very good content tool. But I think being very clear on what this thing is for… And making it really good for these things. Really focusing on the annotations and textual aspects more.

Service Development Implications

  • Embargoes, on metadata, and issues of privacy, access, and license for annotations for the same reasons.
  • What about bandwidth?
    • It depends on the video delivery…
    • It’s not your issue really. It’s for content providers…
  • The system depends on you having a consistent URI for a playable version of a video… That may be an issue depending on how files are held.
  • Cloud providers?
    • Several in the room indicate they are using them…
  • Making (some?) annotations (and metadata?) public will help others find your data.
  • Costs wise it needs to be open source for people to import themselves? And if so, how can you skin it and brand it. And how often does it need maintenance and updates.

Search

  • Searchable tags etc. – perhaps use of hash tags in annotations
  • Tagging etc. and putting things into categories

Sustainability / Support

  • org for support….?
  • Identify things that could make Clipper stand out fro the ‘competitions’
  • Keep it simple
  • Avoid complexity
  • Focus on annotations

Technical

  • Is there documentation for the code so far?
    • Not yet
  • API for Clipper? So others can use the annotations etc.
  • If sensitive data, and videos, then annotations might also want to be private… Rather than being on your server..(raises the possibility of a local version of Clipper – either in the institution or for an individual – integration with MS Azure?)
  • Or could they get a private instance from you?
  • We haven’t talked much about searching capabilities.
  • I think for effective searching you are going to want to have a more complex annotation data structure – so you can do filters, indexing etc. so less computationally taxing and more accurate for users.
  • Does the system log who has created which annotation? So you can track who does what on a research project.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clipper on the Road – Institute of Education University of Stirling

I met with Derek Robertson from the IOE this morning to discuss his work on a video annotation system for analysis of practice based subjects. it was a fascinating and interesting discussion and we agreed that collaboration made excellent sense if Clipper gets further funding. We shall be holding at least 3 community workshops in phase 2 and at least one of those will be in Scotland so Derek will come along to that to share and discuss ideas and progress. One of the things we need to attend to in phase 2 is to start to build not just a community of potential users but crucially a community of developers and coders who take and use and support the Clipper toolkit.

We keep coming up with new applications of Clipper and new ideas when we discuss it with potential users (rightly so) and when talking to Derek he said he wanted to introduce a limited  discussion forum around each clip that would allow users to reply to an annotation – as a useful evaluation and collaboration tool.

Clipper Feedback – ALT-Members

John,
  Took a look at this. It looks to be the kind of simple tool that is needed for promoting the use of OER video. I’ve had a YouTube channel for several years now, and I can see Clipper developing into a very useful tool for using videos in my teaching.
I did a small survey a year or so ago about the use of my YouTube videos and found many teachers were using them in teaching (and students for their learning) but very few were re-purposing the OER materials other than taking timed clips (a common finding in the literature). A tool like yours is going some way to making it easier for educators to re-purpose OER video in this way.
Just some thoughts about its functions etc.
I know most educational videos are on YouTube, but it would be good to include other repositories (e.g. Vimeo ). I think you say you are going to do that.
I use videos in my own teaching (made by me and by others) and I often just want a clip rather than the whole video. I embed the videos in my VLE web pages (Blackboard) and my ppt files using the embed code from YouTube and the specified start time facility. But of course there is no specifiable end point – which is what Clipper gives. It would be good to be able to embed Clipper clips in the same way in my VLE (I use the HTML code). Even better if those embedded clips could include the annotation that Clipper allows. That way, also using the VLE ability to include linking text, I could build up whole lessons. Or maybe including such linking text could be done within the Cliplist and that could be embedded in the VLE.
BTW embedding in the VLE is good because that way I can keep track of usage via the analytics in BlackBoard.
Obvious extensions of the annotation tool would be to enable it to be linked to places in the video screen, and (a big ask this) to enable interaction in the annotations such as MCQs.
I couldn’t find any way to inspect my clip or cliplist. I suppose I could share it with myself by email, but it would be simpler to do this in the website itself.
I used to have to use the search for video facility in the Mashup facility in BlackBoard in order to insert videos in my  pages (there was a bug re using the YouTube embed code – now fixed). This was a pain, partly because I already knew the video URL but I still had to find some appropriate metadata in order to ‘find’ it in the search tool. So here’s a plea, in the tool for finding videos, please allow the user to enter the URL if they already know it as well as having the option of searching for it by name/metadata etc.
Graham